What Happens When a Garage Door Spring Breaks: Causes and Consequences

Garage door springs are essential components that play a crucial role in the smooth operation of your garage door. These springs bear the weight of the door, making it easy to open and close with minimal effort. However, like any mechanical part, garage door springs can wear out over time and eventually break. When a garage door spring breaks, it can lead to significant consequences that affect the functionality and safety of your garage door. In this article, we will explore what happens when a garage door spring breaks, the potential causes of spring failure, and the necessary steps to address this issue.

What Happens When A Garage Door Spring Breaks

Understanding Garage Door Springs: Types of Garage Door Springs

Before delving into the consequences of a broken garage door spring, it’s essential to understand the two main types of springs used in garage doors: torsion springs and extension springs.

  1. Torsion Springs: Torsion springs are mounted above the garage door, parallel to the door’s top. When the door is closed, the springs are under immense tension. When you open the door, the springs unwind and release their stored energy, helping to lift the door.
  2. Extension Springs: Extension springs are located above the horizontal tracks on either side of the garage door. These springs stretch and expand when the door is closed, providing the lifting force needed to raise the door.
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Causes of Garage Door Spring Breakage: Factors Contributing to Spring Failure

Several factors can contribute to the breakage of garage door springs:

  1. Normal Wear and Tear: Like any mechanical component, garage door springs undergo regular wear and tear due to constant use. Over time, this wear weakens the springs, making them more susceptible to breakage.
  2. Lack of Maintenance: Inadequate maintenance, such as lack of lubrication or cleaning, can accelerate spring deterioration and increase the likelihood of failure.
  3. Excessive Weight on the Door: Garage doors have weight limits that the springs can safely handle. If the door is too heavy due to additional components or stored items, the springs may become overburdened and break.
  4. Extreme Temperature Fluctuations: Drastic temperature changes can cause the metal springs to contract and expand repeatedly, leading to metal fatigue and eventual breakage.

Consequences of a Broken Garage Door Spring: Impact on Garage Door Functionality and Safety

When a garage door spring breaks, several consequences can occur:

  1. Difficulty in Opening or Closing the Door: A broken spring significantly affects the door’s balance and weight distribution, making it difficult or impossible to open or close the door manually.
  2. Uneven Garage Door Movement: If one spring breaks while the other is intact, the door may move unevenly, potentially getting stuck at an angle.
  3. Strain on Other Components: The sudden loss of support from the broken spring places additional strain on other garage door components, such as cables and tracks, increasing the risk of further damage.
  4. Potential Safety Hazards: Attempting to operate a garage door with a broken spring can pose safety risks, as the door may suddenly slam shut or free-fall, endangering anyone nearby.
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Addressing a Broken Garage Door Spring: Professional Repair and Replacement

If you suspect or confirm a broken garage door spring, it is essential to address the issue promptly and safely. Garage door spring replacement is a complex and potentially dangerous task that requires professional expertise and specialized tools.

  1. Avoid DIY Repairs: Attempting to replace a garage door spring yourself can lead to serious injuries and further damage. It is best to leave the task to trained garage door technicians.
  2. Call a Professional: Contact a reputable garage door repair service to inspect the broken spring and recommend the appropriate replacement. Professionals will ensure the new spring is the correct size and type for your specific garage door model.
  3. Spring Balancing: Professional technicians will also balance the springs correctly to ensure smooth and safe door operation.


When a garage door spring breaks, it can significantly impact the functionality and safety of your garage door. Understanding the causes of spring failure and recognizing the consequences of a broken spring are crucial to addressing the issue promptly. Avoid DIY repairs and seek the expertise of professional garage door technicians for safe and effective spring replacement. By ensuring your garage door springs are in top condition, you can maintain the smooth and reliable operation of your garage door, providing convenience and security for your home.

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